Thursday, February 4, 2016

Long Term Wealth Creation


As an investor intending to create wealth, my personal opinion is that its easiest to create wealth by buying cheap stocks (low PE) of companies that are growing (even if not at breakneck speed). Not that growth at reasonable price, surfing new technologies does not create wealth.

Change is the friend of society but enemy of the investor. Nice book on change and innovation I read recently (Innovator's Dilemma  Author covers multiple facets of change and difference between sustaining vs disruptive technologies, although a bit dated in terms of examples (written in 1990s) but valid in terms of framework of disruptive technologies. Leading and established companies were actually the first to recognize and frequently prototype disruptive technologies but could not get a board level agreement between marketing, accounting, finance, strategy to commit to disruptive technology due to 1/100th the size of the market at the time.

Very few companies last 50 years these days. And you know that any company or business group that has been around for several hundred years (there are several of them) has NOT compounded at even 10% CAGR. Because 10% Cagr of 1 Million $ over 200 years is 190 Trillion $, where as global assets are ~85 trillion $.

You need to sit up and take note when the company has been around for a hundred years. That implies that characteristics of the industry despite innovation allow for preservation of incumbents. Interesting statement from Nitta Gelatin Japan AR 2015

In the recent ten years the company has decided to focus on branding and consumer products like Gelixer, Wellnex Collagen, and not only excel in manufacturing. Currently Nitta Gelatin is #4 in terms of global capacity of Gelatin Manufacturing.

The company has also opened new subsidiaries in previous ten years in emerging growth markets China, Vietnam and consolidated operations in India. 

The other company that I invested in last year was United Nilgiri Tea Estates India, also a 95 year old company. 

In my opinion next few years may be boring but interesting for these companies as the new money discovers that old is indeed gold.

Love the oldies.


I also love some of these models where MNC competition is not present:

Hair oil usage in India !

Use of storage water tanks in African countries and India (story over for Sintex, diworsefied), as developed world water availability is 24/7. No competition from MNCs.

Artificial hair in Africa.

Gold / Diamond Jewellery (story over for India)

Focus on business models that are country need specific.

Some handicraft wood products in China.

Upcoming models in India (Ayurveda), Natural / Organic Foods.

Friday, January 22, 2016

United Nilgiri Tea Estates - India

I have a low opinion of propagating stock investing as a profession, easy money, treasure hunt, road to billions, connotes all of that, hence infrequency of posts.

Ironically, I myself like nothing more than going through ten annual reports on a weekend, and to think of compounding most of the time. 

My personal opinion for you equity crazy people on the company link

Disclosure: I and my Fund have position in this stock. Please consult your SEC, SEBI, FMA registered investment adviser before investing.

Tuesday, January 19, 2016

Three Micro Caps - India

Orient Beverages: Bought and Sold in 2014. Interestingly Bisleri is coming out of non-compete clause with Coca Cola and will also introduce energy drinks. Orient distributes Bisleri Products in the eastern region of India.

United Nilgiri Tea Estates: Part of Amalgamations group. A direct play on organic tea. 60-70% output is exported hence strong dollar is beneficial. 

Dhanvantri Jeevan Rekha: Management owns only 24% of company, dividend is sporadic but as per AR expansion is in progress. A hospital with good cash flows and multiple specialities.

Disclosure: Invested

Saturday, November 7, 2015

Organic Trend has no End - Trilogy New Zealand

I wrote a few weeks back a brief note on a couple of organic food companies here 

It is usually quite hard to spot a new trend and then work on finding stocks (listed) that fit the criteria. There are a number of reasons for it, the greediest, smartest, shrewdest poker players in town (private equity) would not let such a listed company be public. A few examples of up coming trends are use of Graphene as the silicon of 21st century, Battery storage technology for solar grids, Robotics (humanoids or systems with AI). 

We do get lucky once in a while by spotting companies that are not on the map, or those that have changed their business model.

If you recall from some of my previous posts, products that help women look pretty, or allow humans a longer life, or deceptively even a perception of being healthy (eg: perception of healthy Patanjali Food stuff, even though it may contain three times the pesticide content of Maggi) are perpetual models (nice book on business models to be exploited by capitalists. I hate exploitation or taking advantage of others based on psychological tricks or diplomacy (Nice book on how not to get duped by other marketers from Cialdini 

Nevertheless, I am not blind to the fact what is going on in the Advertisement industry and social media or the world around me. Organic *everything* is on an upward trend or at-least I am a sucker for it by paying 2.5x the non-organic food.

I just happened to stumble on an announcement recently from a company based in New Zealand that it will beat organic growth target of 57% growth (excluding acquisitions).


I had been searching all over for organic food companies like a musk deer, the company that I should have bought was right near my back(yard) literally. 

 The story gets better as the company went in for a bolt-on acquisition funded entirely by debt of another strong company that imports Gucci, LVMH, Aramani and other perfume brands in New Zealand. But excluding the growth of acquired company the organic growth is 57% in revenues. 

I checked and found that I am indeed late to the party with stock up 300% or so recently.

The company had been struggling to create a cosmetic brand called ECOYA

The company has a second brand now Trilogy

Some fortunate events transpired in the life of this company, Kate Middleton and few Supermodels in Europe provided free publicity to Trilogy, the recently introduced product "ORGANIC Rose Hip Oil". Certainly a formula that is good for supermodels and the Royalty is also good for the gentry and lower classes.And you certainly cannot pay princess to be a brand ambassador for your product. 


Organic products such as Trilogy beauty products are also "pregnancy safe", and boy you gotta see the salivating margins on these products for infants and pregnant women.

It gets better, did I say, even better ! 

The company has signed up with most respected Organic chain in the US. It has introduced product in the US in every store of Whole Foods Mart the Organic Supermart. Currently the revenues in Australia account for 50% of sales, NZ 25% and US only 5%, ROW 20%. US revenues are now growing 100%+

I know the question comes to mind about valuations, extremely inexpensive at 14 times earnings 1 year forward. 1 time sales. In rest of the globe, in developed countries FMCG companies are trading at 3-10 times revenues and 30-80 times earnings, and they are not growing this fast. The company has broken out of 20% growth trajectory and now in 30-40% orbit, this year 60% actually.

I avoid developed markets for investment, too many eyeballs, too much capital chasing at too laggardly growing companies. This is only the one out of two companies I like in New Zealand for investment. Last time in 2013 I liked a company in Australia, CAPILANO Honey and read in their annual report "We are quite satisfied with 10-12% growth", hence gave a pass.

I wrote about this company as "The only company I like in Australia" two years back 

Capilano went up nearly 10 times, 1000%, even now at in-expensive 18 times earnings.

How much up a stock has gone up on the past has nothing to do with how much it will go in future. I bought Symphony in 2010 at 25 Rs when it had already gone up 10 times from 2.5 Rs. It went up another 100 times from that point.

Not letting go of this opportunity which I think will grow well above 15%, and approved by the Royalty!

Link to Annual Reports: